Fishing Rod is essential gear for fishing. They are part of every anglers gear. There is an extensive process that takes place in the design and manufacturing of a fishing rod. If you are wondering how fishing rods are made, then this article will help you understand that.
History Of Fishing Rods
Fishing rods are an important part of humanity’s evolution. Over time, they have drastically changed as well. Fishing rods progressed from a simple wood stick reinforced with rocks or bones, to the modern-day fishing rod.
Flexible pieces of wood like bamboo were popular back then. However, after the industrial revolution in 1760, wood was replaced by metals and plastics. Which led to drastic changes to the fishing rod over years.
Parts Of Fishing Rods
A modern-day fishing rod is a complex tool. It has acquired features to optimize the fishing experience.
These are the six basic components that could are in any fishing rod.
Handle This part of the fishing rod that is to stay in the user’s hand. It provides grip as well as control over the rod.
- Reel Seat
A reel seat is the part of the rod that would have the reel attached to it. Which means the line would start from over here.
The blank is the rod part of the fishing rod. It needs to be tough and flexible.
- Hook Keeper
This compartment on the fishing rod houses hooks and lures.
These are circular rings on the rods. The line passes through these rings.
- Tip Top
This is the last guide on the blank. It is from here that the line leaves the fishing rod and enters the water.
Materials Used In Fishing Rods
Fishing rods blanks have to be tough, lightweight, and flexible. There are many materials used to make a fishing rod that has these properties. Materials for each part of the fishing rod vary. Modern-day fishing rods use a wide variety of materials.
To make blanks, synthetic fibres are used in the modern-day. The fibres used most commonly are Fiberglass and Carbon Fiber. These start as sheets which would be cut into the original shape of the blank. In this process, in a solution of plastic resin, the sheet is soaked.
The cut sheet is heated so that it would attach to a tapered steel rod known as the mandrel. Then it is wrapped under a layer of synthetic polymers such as cellophane or polyester.
After that, the blanks are heated to up to 150-180° Celsius for about 40 minutes. This is to allow the polymers to shrink and wrap firmly around the fibres. After this, the metal rod is taken out from the blank, and the polymer film is also removed.
The blank is then sanded, which helps to remove any excess resin. Then it is layered with protective chemicals to increase its durability.
Usually, a fishing rod would have 2-3 different blanks, which are attached together via ferrules. This allows a rod to be dissembled easily and making it easy to store. However, some rods do not have this, as this might lead to the lesser overall strength of the rod.
This part of the handle needs to provide the user with a good grip. This is traditionally made out of cork, which is obtained from the bark of certain species of trees. However, a substitute for them is synthetic foam rubber. These are attached to the rod with epoxy glue for maximum durability.
- Reel Seat
Reel seats are commonly made from aluminium which makes it lightweight yet strong. However, these are also made out of plastics or chrome-plated brass. Then these are attached to blanks.
Guides are the part of the rod from which the line passes. These distribute stress evenly throughout the rod. These are made from a combination of nickel silver and tungsten carbide. Other popular materials used in making guides are steel or chromium-plated brass.
If it is a conventional rod, the guides go on top of the blank. If it is a spinning rod, the guides are placed at the bottom of the rod. A thread is put under the guides to protect it and give it stability.
Epoxy and heat areas again applied to the rod to make the guides more stable.
Different Styles Of Fishing Rods
Fishing rods have many different styles. These are to specialize in the rod’s skills for certain conditions. To better understand how fishing rods are made, we will look into these different types of rods.
- Casting Rods
These are the most basic kind of rods available. The casting reel on this design is placed right above the handle. Traditionally these only have one blank. These simple and basic rods are mostly the cheapest rods on the market.
Casting rods, however, are very versatile as the simple design can be customized into having any specific qualities. It requires a baitcasting reel, which can be handled easily by beginners, these would also help the angler cast the line further as well.
- Spinning Rods
These rods are different than the casting rod as the reel hangs below the rod and right under the handle. This clever design gives the angler the advantage to hold the rod in their dominant hand.
The guides in this rod are under the blank. This increases the stability of the rod and evenly distributes the stress. This allows this rod to target a wide variety of fishes varying in weight.
The underspin reel also has a feature that allows the angler to release the fishing line during a cast. Furthermore, these are available for both left-handed and right-handed people.
- Ultra-Light Rods
These rods are made from carbon fibre. This type of rod would be shorter than conventional rods and would not have a lot of strength. That is why these rods are not used to catch bigger fish. These rods are designed for travelling and shallow water fishing.
- Telescopic Rods
This is a rod that incorporates a new design. This rod consists of typically 2-3 blanks of different sizes and diameters. These blanks are connected to each other via ferrules. This allows the rod to possess collapsible blanks, making the rod easier to carry when you are not fishing.
These can be pulled out and anytime and used to fish.
Over thousands of years, we have seen a lot of changes in the gear used by fishermen. The only aspect of fishing from that time that lives on and is still present today is the spirit. This spirit has been passed down through generations and has been kindled with each generation.
This can be seen through the drastic improvements in the fishing industry. From rods to bait to even the boats, everything has improved. This wheel of progression has not yet come to a halt; we are still to see many changes in the upcoming years.
As everyday new designs are being tested and released, so much so that soon, it is possible that there would be a rod suited to catching a specific species.