The weather has been good for a while now, and the workload is quite minimal. Your friend told you about a great fishing spot nearby and showed you some spectacular pictures from his trip. You are very excited and can’t wait to get there. Yet, your disappointment is at its peak when you reach the place. It is flooded with useless fishing gear, including the used fishing line thrown by people all over the place. This may pop up an interesting question in your mind Is Fishing Line Biodegradable?
Yes, some fishing lines are biodegradable. Such fishing lines are very good for the environment and especially marine life. Normal fishing lines can take more than 500 years to break down. But, with biodegradable fishing lines, you are looking at a timeline of 5 years for a breakdown. It is quite impressive compared to the time taken by a normal fishing line to decompose.
Do biodegradable fishing lines work like a normal fishing line? Will the change in the material affect my fishing? Is there any cost difference between both? Why do you need a biodegradable fishing line? If these are some questions appearing in your mind after reading the above paragraph, do read till the end. All of these questions will be answered here.
Detailed Information about Fishing Lines
Before moving further with details about biodegradable fishing lines, let us first discuss the build of a fishing line.
Fishing lines are available in different designs depending on materials used and its properties. These types are as follows:
Monofilament Fishing Line
Monofilament is the oldest type, and this is most recommended for those who like to fish. As the name suggests, it is made up of a single strand of nylon. The monofilament line floats on the water.
It is visible as it does not drown inside, and you can easily track where the fish is going. It offers you a long stretch, which you may or may not like. It is strong, knots well, and does not costs a lot.
Fluorocarbon Fishing Line
Fluorocarbon Fishing Line is one of the recently introduced fishing lines, and it is becoming popular due to the heavyweight that allows it to go deep in the water. As it sinks to the bottom, it is more likely to get a bite from fish than other lines that usually stay on the top. Its invisibility in water also makes it an ideal choice for catching more fish. This line’s stretch is limited if compared with the monofilament line that allows you to have more positive hooksets.
The material is non-water absorbent, which adds to the durability of the line. The fluorocarbon fishing line is ideal for catching sensitive fish in clear waters. New anglers might face one problem because it is stiff and very hard to knot for them. Yet, experienced anglers can deal with it easily. For beginners, investing in a monofilament fishing line might prove to be a good decision when they are learning.
Braided Fishing Line
Though an old one, the braided fishing line still holds strong in most situations. They help you cast long as it does not coil of the spool during the casting process. The stretch is quite minimal that leads to an increase in sensitivity to the bites. If you are fishing in vegetation grown water, then braided fishing line might be the perfect one due to its ability to float on water.
The braided cloth over a thin diameter fishing line helps protect it from wear and tear and results in a durable and long-lasting product. The durability factor makes it a solid value for your money. It is strong and built to last you years; however, keep in mind that braided lines are hard to knot.
However, braided fishing lines that are made up of metal can be a hazard for the environment if there are electric poles nearby, plus they are hard to recycle as well.
Trolling Fishing Line
A fishing line with braided hooks is a trolling line. The trolling line has a controllable sink rate, and it has a specific color code to let you know how deep your line is at the moment. The colour is visible from the outside. Several lines may be towed at one time.
Fly Fishing Line
Fly Lines are only used for fly fishing. Fly fishing lines play an important role in fly fishing. They come in different colours such as orange, yellow, red to make them easy to see. Whether it sinks or floats depends on the density of the fishing line. Choosing the right type of fly fishing line will depend on what are you fishing for, i.e., trout, salmon, or bass?
Materials Used in the Manufacturing of Fishing Lines
There are a variety of materials that are used to makes fishing lines. These materials range from nylon to polyethene and many more. However, these are synthetic materials. Before they were invented, some natural materials such as horsehair and silk were being used as well.
Fly Fishing Line is made up of polyvinyl chloride, and they are practically waterproof. Fishing lines are also made up of fluorocarbon as it is a strong material, and most importantly, it is almost invisible to the fish.
Braided lines are made up of tenkara, which decreases in diameter near the hook. The line made up of microfilaments is used popular because the raw material is inexpensive. The strength may vary and can be chosen as per the demand. It knots well, and it is a popular material for making fishing lines.
Why decomposition of fishing line maters?
The fishing line’s decomposition is very important to preserve the environment and marine life in the surrounding area. If the fishing line is not decomposed properly, it may cause several issues. Aquatic life such as fishes, turtles, and birds get tangled with it, and they can’t get out of it without any external help. If it is on land, it is equally disturbing other land animals and harms the environment.
Biodegradable fishing lines are a step towards a better future, having less time of decomposition.
Does Fishing Line dissolve?
If the fishing line is not rated as biodegradable, it may take more than 500 years to dissolve completely. That means it takes more than five centuries till a waste fishing line finally disappears off the planet. In contrast, biodegradable fishing lines are rated to disappear off the planet in a maximum of 5 years. It depends on the temperature of the area and water and surrounding conditions as well but the usual limit for a biodegradable fishing line to dissolve is around 2- 5 years.
How many animals die from fishing lines?
Discarded fishing lines cause more than 100,000 death of aquatic life on average in a year. Line entanglement issues are so common, especially with the introduction of invisible lines that are not visible to fish and other animals. They get stuck in them and die. Some animals also consume fishing lines and die as a result.
What is the Environmental Impact of Such a Long Decomposing Period?
Such a long decomposing period is a disaster environmentally. Anglers throw away the discarded lines without even thinking about how dangerous this is for the marine line. These lines will remain there for centuries to come and will be a cause of death for hundreds of species.
Apart from causing death to marine life, these lines also destroy the beautiful look of the place. Nobody likes to fish at a site where there are discarded used fishing nets and lines lying around. The healthy environment of that area will be affected adversely.
Is Monofilament Line Degradable?
No, the monofilament line is not biodegradable. Only those lines are biodegradable and decompose in a maximum of 5 years, and the monofilament line is not one of them. Monofilament line can last several hundred o years if left discarded at a place. However, this time may vary depending upon the environmental conditions of the area.
What are sustainable practices when using a fishing line?
There are specific sustainable fishing practices that help you avoid the environmental issues caused by fishing. First of all, basic sustainable practice is to avoid spreading waste in the area. Always try to dispose of your discarded line properly so that it won’t affect any aquatic life or birds. This will also result in a pollution reduction.
Always try to buy biodegradable lines for use in fishing. They may be a little bit expensive, but they are comparatively less harmful to the marine line and the environment. It will not affect your fishing performance in any way.
Sustainable fishing is all about fishing in such a way that its negative environmental effects are minimized. Following sustainable fishing practices while using a fishing line will prove to be helpful in this regard.