What is a Fishing Pole?

What is Fishing Pole?

If you are an experienced angler, small fishes do not excite you anymore. All you care about is catching a giant fish that is worthy enough to show off. It would be embarrassing to go on a fishing trip with a weak or inexpensive pole that might break the moment you get a fatty fish to bite on your bait. A fishing pole is just not another stick, it is the backbone of your fishing. Without a right pole, you are going to be as helpless as a soldier is without a weapon on the battlefield.

A fishing pole is an integral part of the fishing gear. It is basically a long pole that may be made up of any material such as fiberglass or graphite with guides placed on it to hold the line together at its place. A reel is also placed on the pole to store the line. There are long poles, and there are shorter poles. Both of them are used for their own respective purposes.

What are other types of fishing poles? What is the fast-paced fishing pole? What factors do I need to consider before I buy myself a fishing pole? If similar questions are popping in your mind, keep reading till the end of this article to find the answers.


Design of a Fishing Pole

Following are some design criteria that are important to know about a fishing pole.


The length of a fishing pole is of the utmost importance. Usually, the size ranges from 4 feet to 15 feet. As far as the length is concerned, the key deciding factor is your casting distance. Short poles will not be able to cast long. You should buy a small pole only if you will be casting close to your standing place. That makes small poles ideal for kayak fishing.  Contrary to popular opinion, small poles are preferred to catch big fishes as they do not bend and stretch much and are easy to handle.

Longer poles are preferred by those who want to last longer. Usually, the saltwater anglers use long poles as they have to cover a lot of areas while standing at the pier. Long poles are an ideal solution for those who prefer deep fishing as well. They are popular among bass anglers due to the fact that walking baits are thrown better using a long pole.

Pole Power and Action

The power and action of a pole are essential for deciding factors. However, most of the people do not know about it, and hence, they make mistakes while buying their fishing poles.

The pole’s power is the factor that decides how much power it will take eventually to bend the fishing pole. A light-powered pole will be easier to turn, and similarly, a heavy-powered pole will be tough to bend. The verdict is simple. Those interested in catching on small and lightweight fishes should invest in light power poles. Experienced anglers or those looking to enter the big game should buy heavy power poles only.

The pole’s action specifies the point of bend in the pole under the action of the weight of the fish. A fast-action pole will bend closer to the tip. Similarly, a slow action pole will bend nearer to the handle of the pole. Fast action poles are preferred as they are robust and less prone to breaking under the heavy fish weight. Slow action poles are more flexible. But they are only suitable for throwing slower lighter baits and lures.

Pole Handle

Pole handle is the component you will be using the most during your trip. It is from where you will grip the pole. A pole handle should offer a sturdy and comfortable grip that does not put a lot of stress on your hand. The length of the pole handle can be short or long, depending upon your casting distance. Handles might be made up of cork or foam, or any other composite material. However, handles made up of EVA foam offer a more comfortable grip for longer durations.


Types of Poles

Poles are classified on the basis of their design and placement of components such as guides. Some crucial types are discussed below.

Freshwater Poles

Freshwater fishing poles are generally made up of cane or reed. There is a reel also there to help open or close the pole. There are other types of freshwater poles, such as fly-fishing poles or catfish poles. It depends on what you are going to catch, so decide accordingly.

Saltwater Poles

Coastal lines and oceans are the principal saltwater reserves. So, that’s where you will be using saltwater poles. The main factor that differentiates different types of saltwater poles is weight capacity. The weight capacity of each pole may vary. So, if you are planning on landing some heavyweight, better pick your fishing pole accordingly.

Spin-casting Poles

Spin casting poles are designed for those who are new to fishing. They are light-weight with a small length and small-sized guides.

Bait-casting Poles

They are generally longer and heavier than most of the poles available in the market. They have the ability to last longer and handle heavy lines as well. Due to these characteristics, they can be used for almost every kind of fishing experience without any issues.

Fly-fishing Poles

As the name suggests, these fishing poles are only suitable for fly fishing. One important aspect is that the premium fly-fishing poles are made up of bamboo. It is because they tend to show the right amount of flexibility without making any compromises on the strength. The use of guides is not of much importance when you are fly fishing. However, they should be placed close to each other.

The material of a Fishing Pole

There are not many materials available that are used to make fishing poles. Only a handful of them are suitable for this purpose. They include natural materials such as wood and fiberglass, graphite, or composite material.

Natural Materials

Fishing poles are also made up of natural materials such as wood, cane, or bamboo. These exhibit good strength as well as stiffness properties. The good thing is that the manufacturing cost is not higher and that results in good-quality fishing poles without breaking your bank.


Fiberglass rods are strong and durable, but this comes at a cost, and that is their increased weight. They are not ideal for extended fishing trips. Other than that, they are definitely worth a look. One more thing is that light bites are hard to detect while fishing. They are only suitable for slow to medium action fishing.


In the early days, graphite was the most used material for the construction of fishing poles. However, its use has declined due to the fact that they become costly because of high manufacturing charges. A graphite pole exhibits high strength as well as good stiffness without breaking. Graphite rods weigh less as compared to their fiberglass counterparts. This also makes them very sensitive to fish bites.

Composite Material

It is a mixture of fiberglass and graphite, so it contains the characteristics of both materials. It combines fiberglass rods’ flexibility with the excellent sensitivity of graphite fishing rod and results in a better performance-oriented fishing rod. Buying a composite fishing pole may also save you some money as compared to purchasing a pure graphite or fiberglass rod.

What is the difference between a fishing rod and a fishing pole?

Fishing rods are just an improved version of fishing poles. Fishing poles are made up of natural materials such as wood, bamboo, or reed. They come without any extra features such as guides or reels or anything like that. They are simple and made to serve the purpose only. On the other hand, Rods are made up of improved materials with better strength and other qualities. They have added features such as a guide to help anglers and enhance their fishing experience.

What size fishing pole should I get?

The length of a fishing pole matters a lot. However, again, the question of a perfect length depends on your personal preferences. If you want to cast over a shorter area but accurately, invest in a fishing pole that is 6 feet or less. If covering more area is preferred over the accuracy, you should go for 7 feet or longer fishing pole.

How much does a fishing pole costs?

Fishing poles come in a lot of variety, as explained above. The price range may vary from $40 for basic poles to as high as $600 for the premium models. A decent fishing pole with all the necessary bells and whistles should cost you around $80-100 at max.

What is a good beginner fishing pole?

If you are planning to go on a backpacking fishing trip, do check this article as well before you buy yourself a fishing pole. However, if you are just starting out as an angler and feel overwhelmed by all this information and multiple choices in front of you, we got you covered. The best fishing pole you can buy for yourself is St Croix Triumph Travel Spinning Rod. Let’s discuss what makes it best.

The first thing to notice is its top-class construction. The performance of this fishing rod is just exemplary. With better flexibility than most of the graphite rods on the market, this one takes the crown with its exceptionally lightweight structure and durable construction.

The handle ensures less strain on your hand, and it is comfortable to hold for longer durations. Guides are made up of aluminum. A hard secure case is also included for easy transportation during travelling. It is a low power, fast-paced action rod with a perfect 6 feet length. The price may seem a bit high, but the quality you will be getting makes it worth each penny spent. If you are looking for a good fishing pole to start your fishing journey, St Croix Triumph Travel Spinning Rod is the best one you can buy.

Steve Hudson

I have been an outdoor activities enthusiast from teenage. I have been going out with my parents on different outdoor activities such as camping and hiking. After moving to a town surrounded by three well known fishing spots, I started fishing and started using all kinds of tricks and equipment to make the most out of each adventure I pursued. Over the years I have been camping outdoor, hiking and following my passion of enjoying life at full. Few years ago, I started writing about my thoughts, experiments and ideas about outdoor, fishing, hiking and more. This blog is a compilation of that plus tips, ideas and products that can make life more meaningful, enjoyable and a pleasant.

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